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Plants in our garden that that are very well suited to Spanish winters.

What Blooms in November-December

Winter in Spain has a charm of its own. The weather is crisp, but mild. There’s a stillness that invites contemplation, a tranquility that beckons one to slow down and appreciate the quiet beauty of nature. But just because the temperature has cooled doesn’t mean your garden has to lie dormant. Quite the contrary, winter in Spain can be an exciting time for gardening!

Colour and vitality

Why is this so? Because even in the depths of winter, life persists. There are many plants and flowers that thrive in the cooler temperatures that November and December bring. These hardy specimens add colour and vitality to your garden when most other plants have retreated. Gardening in winter also offers several advantages. It provides an outdoor activity during a time when many of us are cooped up indoors. It also allows you to prepare your garden for the coming spring, giving your plants a head start once the warmer weather arrives.

In this blog, we’ll take a look at what you can plant in your Spanish garden during November and December. We’ll cover the climate, the most popular plants, how to prepare your garden for winter, where to plant your winter garden, how to care for winter flowers, growing vegetables and herbs in winter, tips for extending the growing season, and how to overcome potential challenges. So let’s dive in and explore the wonders of winter gardening in Spain.

The climate in Spain during November and December is generally mild, with average temperatures ranging from 10°C to 15°C. While it may rain occasionally, there are still plenty of sunny days perfect for gardening. The cooler temperatures and increased rainfall during these months can offer a welcome break for plants after the intense heat and dryness of summer. However, keep in mind that the specific climate will vary depending on your location in Spain, so it’s important to choose plants that are suitable for your local conditions.

Now, when we think of winter-blooming plants, it’s hard not to think of the classics like Pansies, Cyclamen, and Chrysanthemums, which bring a pop of color to any winter garden. But there are also some lesser-known plants that thrive in the Spanish winter. For instance, there’s the winter-flowering cherry with its delicate pink blooms, or the Mahonia with its bright yellow flowers and holly-like leaves. And let’s not forget about the vegetables and herbs! The cooler weather is ideal for leafy greens like Spinach, Lettuce, and Chard, as well as root vegetables like Carrots and Beets.


Before you start planting, it’s important to prepare your garden for winter. This includes cleaning up your summer plants, mulching and protecting your soil, and pruning and deadheading. It might seem like a lot of work, but it’s worth it. Proper preparation not only keeps your garden looking neat and tidy, but it also helps protect your plants from the cold and gives them a head start for the next growing season.


Choosing the right location for your winter garden is critical. You need to consider factors such as sun exposure, wind shelter, and drainage. Your winter plants will need at least 4-6 hours of sunlight per day, so position your garden in a spot that gets plenty of sun. It’s also important to protect your plants from strong winds, which can cause damage and dry out your plants. Finally, ensure your garden has good drainage to prevent waterlogged soil, which can lead to root rot.

Choosing the right varieties of plants

The act of planting and caring for winter flowers can be incredibly rewarding. There’s the thrill of choosing the right varieties, the satisfaction of seeing them thrive, and the joy of adding a splash of colour to your winter garden. With proper planting techniques, regular watering, and fertilizing, your winter flowers can bloom beautifully throughout the season.

Cold Tolerant Varieties

Winter gardening isn’t just about flowers, though. You can also grow a variety of vegetables and herbs. Cold-tolerant varieties, such as kale, broccoli, and parsley, can do well in the winter months. But remember, it’s not just about sowing and transplanting. Maintaining moisture and nutrients is key to keeping your winter plants healthy and productive.

You might face some challenges in your winter gardening journey. Pests, frost, and managing water and nutrients can pose problems. But with careful planning and perseverance, you can overcome these challenges and reap the rewards of your labor.

Lastly, don’t you want your garden to keep blooming even longer? There are ways to extend the growing season. Using row covers and cloches, building a cold frame, or even installing a greenhouse can help protect your plants from the cold.

Top Winter Plants for Southern Spain

Bougainvillea: A splash of colour in your winter garden. Its vibrant flowers and low maintenance make it an obvious choice.

  • Characteristics and benefits: Drought tolerant, vibrant flowers.

  • Tips for growing and caring for it: Sunny exposure, well-draining soil.

Winter Jasmine: This delicate, yellow-flowered plant is a true winter bloomer, bringing cheer to your garden in the colder months.

  • Characteristics and benefits: Cold resistant, fragrant blossoms.

  • Tips for growing and caring for it: Prune after flowering, protect from harsh winter winds.

And the list goes on. With a little bit of research and planning, you’ll soon be well on your way to creating the perfect winter garden.

Other Suitable Winter Plants for Southern Spain

No garden is complete with just five plants. Your winter paradise could be home to a myriad of botanic wonders. Imagine the sweet scent of lavender wafting through the air. Picture the robust rosemary bushes, their tiny blue flowers a stark contrast against the winter landscape.

Citrus trees

Citrus trees, with their lush, dark green leaves and vibrant fruits, add a touch of the exotic. Succulents and cacti, with their intriguing shapes and forms, bring a unique charm. And finally, Mediterranean shrubs, whose hearty constitution makes them ideal for a winter .

How to Incorporate Winter Plants in Your Garden

The first step towards creating your winter garden is designing the layout. Here are a few tips to help you get started:

  • Mix and match: Don’t be afraid to experiment with different plant combinations. Try pairing vibrant bougainvillea with understated Mediterranean shrubs for a balanced look.Container gardening: If space is a constraint, try container gardening. Get creative with pots, baskets, and even old watering cans!I have included a table below for easy understanding.
Plan TypeColourCare Level
BougainvilleaVibrant      Low
Winter JasmineYellow     Moderate
Olive TreeGreen     High

The Role of Agriculture in Southern Spain’s Greenery

But the beauty of Southern Spain’s winter greenery is not just a gift of nature. It’s a tribute to human effort too. Agriculture plays a pivotal role in maintaining the lush greenery. Traditional farming techniques, passed down through generations, help cultivate a rich variety of crops.

Take the case of olives. Southern Spain is one of the largest producers of olives in the world. The sprawling olive groves, with their silver-green leaves, add to the region’s winter charm. The same goes for citrus fruits. Oranges, lemons, grapefruits. Their vibrant hues set against the green backdrop provide a visual delight.

But it’s not just about the visuals. It’s about the role these crops play in sustaining the local economy, in preserving the traditional way of life. It’s about how farmers and communities join hands to protect the greenery, to ensure that Southern Spain remains a winter paradise.

Conservation Efforts in Southern Spain

Southern Spain’s winter greenery is a treasure. A treasure that needs to be protected. Conservation efforts are in full swing. Government bodies, environmental organizations, and local communities. Each one doing their part to preserve the green legacy.

But it’s not always easy. Challenges are aplenty. Climate change, deforestation, urbanization. They pose a threat to the region’s biodiversity. But Southern Spain is fighting back. With strict conservation laws, with reforestation initiatives, with sustainable farming practices.

It’s a battle of survival. A battle that Southern Spain is determined to win. After all, it’s not just about preserving a winter wonder. It’s about preserving a way of life, a culture, a heritage. And as long as the spirit of conservation continues, Southern Spain will continue to bloom in winter, to surprise, to delight.

Maintenance and Care for Winter Plants

Contrary to popular belief, winter gardening isn’t all sunshine and roses. It requires dedication and a fair bit of hard work. But don’t let that deter you. The satisfaction of watching your garden come alive in the winter, of seeing those first buds bloom, is incomparable.

The key to a thriving winter garden is regular care and maintenance. This includes watering and fertilizing your plants, pruning them regularly, and protecting them from frost. You also need to pay attention to any signs of pests or disease, as these can quickly ruin your garden if not dealt with promptly.

But rest easy, we’re here to guide you through it all. Let’s delve into the specifics of winter plant care. Remember, your garden may be outdoors, but it’s as much a part of your home as any other room. Treat it with the same love and care you would any other part of your casa.

Common Challenges and Solutions

In your gardening journey, you’re likely to face a few hurdles. Some of these might be due to extreme weather conditions, while others could be related to pests and diseases. But no need to worry, every problem has a solution.

Extreme weather, such as heavy snowfall or frost, can damage your plants. You can protect them by using protective covers or moving them indoors. Pests and diseases are another common issue. Regularly check your plants for signs of infestation and treat them at the first sign of trouble.

Don’t be disheartened. Remember, gardening is a process of learning and growing. Troubleshooting issues is part of the journey. Take it one step at a time. And trust me, the rewards are worth the effort.

Additional Winter Gardening Tips for Southern Spain

As we conclude our guide, here are a few more tips to help you create the winter garden of your dreams.

Companion planting, the practice of planting certain types of plants together, can lead to better results. Some plants, for example, can deter pests or improve the soil health, benefiting their neighbours.

Don’t limit your garden to just flowers and shrubs. Even in winter, you can grow herbs and vegetables. From rosemary and thyme to lettuce and spinach, there are plenty of options.

Finally, why not create a cozy outdoor space where you can enjoy your winter garden? A comfortable chair, a warm blanket, a hot cup of cocoa, and the view of your evergreen oasis… Sounds like the perfect winter afternoon to me.

Best Places to Experience Winter Greenery in Southern Spain

Getting there is easy. You can either drive or take a local bus. And what to expect? A sensory delight. The sights, the smells, the sounds. Each one a tribute to the lush winter landscape of Southern Spain.


Gardening in Southern Spain’s winter is not just about keeping your green thumbs busy during the colder months. It’s about creating a vibrant, living space that brings joy and comfort not just to you, but to the local wildlife as well.

With a bit of planning and effort, you can turn your backyard into an evergreen oasis, a winter wonderland that thrives amidst the frost and snow. So grab your gardening gloves and get started. Your winter paradise awaits.

And remember, at the end of the day, it’s not just about the plants or the garden. It’s about the joy and fulfillment that comes from nurturing life, from watching something grow. That, dear reader, is the true beauty of gardening

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